June 19, 2011

The Baby Crocodile

Baby crocodile


Crocodiles


Crocodiles are very interesting animals which are found all over the world both in salt water and in  fresh water.  For those who have managed to watch the movie Crocodile dandy, that's just a glimps of what a crocodile is like. They have been potrayed in many stories and movies as both heros and vilains but these beautiful dangerous animasl are great animals to watch and not tohave them as pets.

As far s crocodile facts are concerned, some of the earliest crocodiles lived with the dinosaurs. The earliest known crocodile ancestor was called a protosuchian. The protosuchian lived about 200 million years ago. This crocodile was about three feet long. This ancient crocodile had sharp teeth and covered with bony spines. After the protosuchian came the stenosaurus, which lived about 180 million years ago.  As time went by another crocodile species came another ancestor of the crocodile, the deinosuchus, was the first United States ancestor of the crocodile. The deinosuchus was up to fifty feet in length and had a skull about six feet long.Its name meant "terrible crocodile" in Greek, and this crocodile did live up to its name.


Characteristics of Crocodiles


What do we know about crocs and crocodiles? As a matter of fact, crocodiles as people might say  are now a bit different, but with the deprive of their natural habitat and breeding grounds, you find that crocodiles have not changed much. Like any other reptile, crocodiles have backbones and lungs. All crocodiles when they are in the water, must come to the surface once in a while to to breathe. Unlike the hippopotamus or other marine animals, the crocodile can stay underwater for three to five minutes. Crocodiles have four-chambered hearts. Ceocodiles are are cold-blooded and have no lips. The crocodile's  mouths can't close tight. The color of their skin is dark gray or green. Crocodiles have a valve that closes their air pipe so that water can't enter the lungs while they are underwater. Many crocodiles are usually thirteen to eighteen feet long but some of the giant crocodiles or the Gustavo crocodile are some of the largest Nile crocodiles ever known.

For protection and amour, the crocodiles have bony plates on their backs which can be as lethal with a slight swing of their tail which can send you screaming for your life. While the crocodile bodies are cigar-shaped  you find that this part of the body is composed of very tough hide or crocodile skin which is used to make leather goods and one of the reasons as to why crocodiles are hunted to almost near extinction in may parts of the world.

A crocodile in the wild can live fifty years. The weight of a crocodile is about on average, 1350 pounds. These dangerous crocodiles have powerful legs and huge tails.  The crocodile\s feet are somewhat webbed and have long nails to help them grab their prey and also in digging as well. Crocodiles use their tails to capture food.  Almost all crocodiles have thirty to forty teeth, which interlock when its mouth when it is closed. When any animal or insects get i the mouth  and gets caught up in the middle of the crocodiles, teeth, there is no way ought you can be able to move due to the sheer strength of the crocodiles jaws. In fact a crocodile has one of the strongest jays in the world. and be warned, these beautiful dangerous crocodiles have a good sense of hearing and smell as well.


Differences Between Crocodiles and Alligators
Are crocodiles and alligators different? This is one of the most frequently asked questions about crocodiles and alligators.
Crocodiles and alligators are different. Alligators have more teeth than crocodiles. The main difference between alligators and crocodiles is that crocodiles have pointed snouts, while alligators have flat snouts. Another difference about crocodiles and alligators is that crocodiles are more agile than alligators whether they are in the wilderness or in captivity as well.


Eating Habits


A crocodile's jaws can crush the bones of a small animal when the jaws are being closed. They eat fish, turtles, and water birds, but usually anything they can catch - including people! A crocodile always swallows his food whole.


Habitats


Crocodiles live in the Everglades. They prefer large shallow bodies of freshwater or saltwater. Also, they live in the warmest, most tropical region on earth. In the extreme heat or cold, they go into hibernation and estivation. When doing this, they bury themselves in mud and live off stored fat.


Eggs and Babies


Female crocodiles make great mothers. The females are the ones that make the nests out of sand, mud, and weeds. Nests are built on the water's edge and are really just shallow holes. These nests are only a few inches high. There are about twenty to ninety eggs in a nest, but most never hatch due to predators who eat the eggs. A crocodile egg is about the size of a goose egg. When the mother crocodile hears the grunts of her babies, she helps her children push out of the nest. The babies themselves get out of the eggs using their egg tooth. When born, a baby crocodile is about eight inches long. They are born a light greenish, gray color with black crossband. Baby crocodiles eat water insects and shellfish. In some parts of the world, crocodile eggs are used for food. 


The crocodile
Crocodiles are dreaded prehistoric creatures capable of wreaking a terrible punishment on any human flesh. North American, Estuarine and Nile crocodiles are the most dangerous and probably kill more people yearly than figures show due to the isolated areas where attacks are likely to take place and distance from help.
Crocodylus_niloticus_Ankarafantsika_Madagascar
One meal will keep a crocodile sated for a good while, so they like to wait in the water for the perfect time to strike. With a gross body weight of between 225kg to 1000kg, getting caught up in the massive jays of the African crocodile will be  a crocodile attack which has a story to tell.




Responsible for: An estimated 600-800 fatalities a year.
The Largest African Nile crocodile Gustavo: alone was responsible to many of the attacks in the early 80s
Hangs out in: Most of the biggest crocodiles are found in Africa in many rivers of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and south Africa while Asia mainly India, Pakistan and China has its own Indian crocodile or mash crocodile or the Mugger crocodile while Australia and many parts of North and South America have their own Crocodile and Alligator species.
Method of dispatch: With terrifying speed, crocodiles can launch themselves out of the water like a missile and latch hold of their prey. They then go into a death roll, spinning the victim around and around to disorientate, thereby lessening its chance of escape.
Useful avoidance techniques: Straight from the society of stating the obvious: do not swim in areas where there are crocodiles. It may be hot, and you may want a swim, but the croc will see you coming and the rest doesn’t bear thinking about. If you’re unfortunate enough to be grabbed, shout, scream, claw the creature on the eyes.
Nile Crocodiles have very powerful teeth and when
they snap they they can bring a jumbo down




Nile crocodiles


Nile
Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is comparable to the size Ridginess crocodile, although on average a little inferior to him at length. Typically, the maximum length of males is about 6 meters.Widespread in Africa





Crocodylus cataphractus




Crocodylus palustris


African uzkoryly crocodile (Crocodylus cataphractus) lives in Central Africa Republic with countries such as Congo, Zaire, Gabon  and West Africa mainly Cameroon, Equatorial Guine. Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Abidjan, Liberia and Sierraleone.The length of the crocodiles of this species is usually  2,5 meters, but sometimes it may reach 4.

Crocodylus intermedius




Crocodylus Rhombifer
Cuban crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) dwells, respectively, in Cuba. This medium-sized crocodile. Their average length is about 3.5 meters, but occasionally reaches and 5 meters. Its found mainly in Cuba's Zapata Swamp and the Isle of Youth, and highly endangered, it formerly ranged in the Caribbean species have been found in the Cayman Islands and the Bahamas.


The Cuban crocodile with their sort toes tend to have more time basking on river banks unlike other web feet crocodiles and alligators in South America. The most important fact about the Cuban crocodile is that the big  Cuban crocodile  and the young Cuban crocodile have a sundry yellow and  black and yellow distinctive markings on their upper side which has earned them the name  'pearly' crocodiles.


A colony of this species at Gatorland, Florida has also exhibited what is strongly suspected to be pack-hunting behavior but not that dangerous to man as compared to the Nile or the American alligator.
The Cuban crocodile main threats illicit hunting and hybridization with native American Crocodiles which has made the Cuban crocodile to be on the verge of extinction as a result  of hunting due to the sale of meat like any other crocodile and alligator breed which finds its way in the  market to private restaurants and hotels in their menu for the tourist industry as a delicacy.



Pattaya Crocodile




Crocodile Niger
Black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) , along with the Mississippi alligator is the largest representative of his family (according to some experts - the largest). The usual length of black caiman is about 4 meters, but according to some sources, that sometimes these caimans grow up to 6 meters. Like all other caimans, black caiman distributed in South America, in countries such as Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Guyana, etc.

Crocodylus Cataphractus


Crocodylus Intermedius


Alligator sinensis


Indian


Cuban Crocodile
Cuban crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) dwells, respectively, in Cuba. This medium-sized crocodile. Their average length is about 3.5 meters, but occasionally reaches and 5 meters.





Ridginess , sea, or saline crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) - considered the largest of modern crocodiles. Some extremely large adult males reach 7 meters in length. Often goes to the open sea, so he has earned one of his titles. Inhabits Ridginess crocodile in Southeast Asia and northern Australia.


Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is comparable to the size Ridginess crocodile, although on average a little inferior to him at length. Typically, the maximum length of males is about 6 meters.Widespread in Africa.


Marsh or mugger, or Maher (Crocodylus palustris) is also a very large crocodile, with a body length from about 4 to 5 meters. In marsh crocodile is a very broad face, which makes it a little bit like an alligator. Distributed throughout India, including neighboring countries.


Ostroryly, or the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is one of the largest species. In rare cases, males of this species can reach about 6 feet. The basis of its diet is all sorts of waterfowl livestock (mostly fish). Sometimes the attacks and small mammals.
Inhabits ostroryly crocodile in northern South America, Central America and southern United States.


African uzkoryly crocodile (Crocodylus cataphractus) lives in Central and West Africa. The length of the crocodiles of this species is usually Oklo 2,5 meters, but sometimes it may reach 4.


Orinoksky crocodile (Crocodylus intermedius) distributed in Colombia and Venezuela. A very large crocodile. The dimensions are about the same as that of ostrorylogo crocodile, whom he also resembles his narrow snout.


Crocodile Johnston or Australian uzkoryly crocodile (Crocodylus johnstoni) quite small crocodile. Maximum length is about 3 meters long, usually as only 2. Distributed in northern Australia.


Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis) inhabits, as its name implies, the Philippine Islands.This is a small crocodile, whose maximum length is not more than 3 meters.


Central American crocodile, or alligator Morel (Crocodylus moreletii) is also relatively small scale form. Males usually reach about 3 mterov length. Distributed in Mexico, Belize and Guatemala.


New Guinea crocodile (Crocodylus novaeguineae) lives in New Guinea and Indonesia. The maximum length of males - approximately 3,5 meters.




Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) lives in Southeast Asia, in countries such as Indonesia, Cambodia, Brunei, etc. Length of about 3-4 meters.


Roundnose or African dwarf crocodile (Osteolaemus tetraspis) distributed in West and Central Africa. Length is less than two meters. The maximum recorded length roundnose crocodile - 1,9 meters (according to some sources).




Mississippi, or the American
alligator
(Alligator mississippiensis)
Mississippi, or the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) vies with black Cayman for the title of the largest representative of the family Alligatoridae. The length of adult males is normally 4-4,5 meters, but in exceptional cases, according to some sources, may reach more than 5 meters.Jaws strong and wide. Distribution: southern USA.







Chinese alligator
(Alligator sinensis)
Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) , together with the Mississippi alligator is the genus Alligator.This is the only member of the family Alligatoridae, living in the Old World. The usual length of Chinese alligator is about 2 meters.






Black caiman
(Melanosuchus niger)
Black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) , along with the Mississippi alligator is the largest representative of his family (according to some experts - the largest). The usual length of black caiman is about 4 meters, but according to some sources, that sometimes these caimans grow up to 6 meters. Like all other caimans, black caiman distributed in South America, in countries such as Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Guyana, etc.






Croco, or spectacled caiman
 (Caiman crocodilus)
Croco, or spectacled caiman (Caiman crocodilus) distributed in Brazil, Costa Rica, Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama, Nicaragua, etc.


The length of the alligator caiman is usually 2-2,5 meters.






Shirokomordy caiman
(Caiman latirostris)
Shirokomordy caiman (Caiman latirostris) distributed in the northern part of Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.
The maximum length of this species is approximately 3.5 meters.






Paraguayan or yakarsky
caiman (Caiman yacare)
Paraguayan or yakarsky caiman (Caiman yacare) reaches 2,5-3 meters in length. Widespread in the southern part of Brazil, northern Argentina, Paraguay and southern Bolivia.




Dwarf, or gladkoloby caiman
 Cuvier (Paleosuchus palpebrosus)
Dwarf, or gladkoloby caiman Cuvier (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) lives in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, etc.


The length of this small caiman is about 1,5-1,6 meters, making it the smallest member of the order
Crocodylia.






Dwarf, or gladkoloby caiman
Schneider (Paleosuchus trigonatus)
Dwarf, or gladkoloby caiman Schneider (Paleosuchus trigonatus) actually, if you think, not really a dwarf. The usual length of the caiman is about 1,7-2,3 meters, but occasionally it may reach 2.6 Murtha in length.

Gavial (Gavialis gangeticus)

 
Gavial is one of the largest crocodiles in the world.

While many alligators and crocodiles look alike, this special indian crocodile is just a mervel tothe eyes. In fact, the Gavial (Gavialis gangeticus) has the most specific appearance among modern crocodiles. Until recently it was considered the sole representative of the family gavialovyh (Gavialidae), survived to the present day.

However, recently scientists have come to the conclusion that
the false gavial is also a representative of the family.
At length, he usually does not yield to such monsters as Ridginess and Nile crocodiles. However, its long and slender jaws, bristling with long and thin teeth are only suitable for fishing, which is the basis of the diet gavial.  Inhabits gavial in India, Nepal, Pakistan and neighbouring countries.

Gavialovy crocodile psevdogavial


These are some of the most facinating crocodiles in the world or false gavial (Tomistoma schlegeli)
Gavialovy crocodile psevdogavial or false gavial (Tomistoma schlegeli) , as Some of the crocodiles get their naes from is very similar to gavial crocodile. This particular  kind of crocodile is a unique as its name implies.

For those who have had a chance to see this beautiful crocodile, you will be amazes to know that this great crocodile for a long time, scientists believed it representative of a family of crocodile (Crocodylidae), and its similarity to gavialom - convergence. At the moment, zoologists compare him with gavialom and placed in one of his family - Gavialidae.
The maximum length of a false gavial is about 5 meters. The Gavialovy crocodile psevdogavial is found in Indonesia and Malaysia and the surrounding countries as well.

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